Hersey and Blanchard’s Model of Leadership (1999) builds upon situational perspective of leadership and links leadership styles to be practiced in a concrete given situation to the developmental levels of subordinates.
The cornerstone of this theory consists of task behaviour, relationship behaviour, and followers’ level of maturity in following terms:
- Task behaviour can be explained as a degree to which duties and responsibilities are explained by the leader to subordinates;
- Relationship behaviour is the degree to which the leader engages in communication with subordinates through listening, facilitation, and supportive behaviour.
- Maturity involves the extent of willingness of subordinates to take responsibility for self-direction
|Directive Behaviour||Supportive Behaviour|
|One-way communicationFollowers’ roles clearly communicated
Close supervision of performance
|Two –way communicationListening, providing support and encouragement
Facilitate interaction involve follower in decision-making
The main differences between directive and supportive behaviour
Source: Bolden et al. (2003)
Bolden, R., Gosling, J., Marturano, A. & Dennison, P. (2003) “A Review of Leadership Theory and Competency Framework”, University of Exeter