Research Philosophy

Research Philosophy The research philosophy will reflect the author’s important assumptions; these assumptions are base for research strategy and develop the relationship between knowledge and the data collection process in research. This comprises a wide range of philosophical approaches related to a study. However, business researchers distinguish two theoretical frameworks that are closely related to business studies: positivism and phenomenology.


Jackson (2008) presents the following table which reflects a short description of the main sources of knowledge and advantages and disadvantages associated with them.

Source Description Advantages/Disadvantages
Superstition Knowledge is obtained from subjective feelings, believing in a chance or magic events Knowledge is not empirical or logical
Intuition Knowledge is obtained as a result of being consciously aware about the source of it Knowledge is not empirical or logical
Authority Knowledge is received from personalities perceived to be authority figures Knowledge is not empirical or logical, authority figure may lack qualifications in the research area
Tenacity Knowledge is gained as a result of sticking by repeated idea in an stubborn manner, in spite of evidence to the contrary Knowledge is not empirical or logical
Rationalism Knowledge is obtained through logical reasoning Knowledge is logical but not empirical
Empiricism Knowledge is gained through observing organisms and events in the real world Knowledge of this source is empirical, but not necessarily logical or systematic
Science Knowledge is gained through empirical methods and logical reasoning The only acceptable method for researchers and scientists to obtain knowledge

The description of the main sources of knowledge