Applied research “aims at finding a solution for an immediate problem facing a society, or an industrial/business organisation, whereas fundamental research is mainly concerned with generalisations and with the formulation of a theory”. Applied research is considered to be non-systematic inquiry and it is usually launched by a company, agency or an individual in order to address a specific problem.
Differences between Applied Research and Fundamental (Basic) Research
The difference between applied and fundamental or basic research is straightforward – findings of applied research can be applied to resolve issues, whereas fundamental studies are used simply to explore certain issues and elements.
Moreover, differences between applied and basic research can be summarized into three points:
1. Differences in purpose. Purpose of applied studies is closely associated with the solution of specific problems, while the purpose of fundamental studies relate to creation of new knowledge or expansion of the current knowledge without any concerns to applicability.
2. Differences in context. In applied studies, research objectives are set by clients or sponsors as a solution to specific problems they are facing. Fundamental studies, on the other hand, are usually self-initiated in order to expand the levels of knowledge in certain areas.
3. Differences in methods. Research validity represents an important point to be addressed in all types of studies. Nevertheless, applied studies are usually more concerned with external validity, whereas internal validity can be specified as the main point of concern for fundamental researchers.
Examples of Applied Research
The following are examples for applied research. You can notice that each of these studies aim to resolve a specific and an immediate problem.
- A study into the ways of improving the levels of customer retention for Wall-Mart in China
- An investigation into the ways of improving employee motivation in Marriot Hotel, Hyde Park
- Development of strategies to introduce change in Starbucks global supply-chain management with the view on cost reduction
- A study into the ways of fostering creative deviance amongst employees without compromising respect for authority.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Applied Research
The advantages and disadvantages of applied and fundamental research mirror and contrast each other. On the positive side, applied research can be helpful in solving specific problems in business and other settings.
On the negative side, findings of applied research cannot be usually generalized. In other words, applicability of the new knowledge generated as a result of applied research is limited to the research problem. Moreover, applied studies usually have tight deadlines which are not flexible.
You need to specify the type of your research in the earlier part of the research methodology chapter in about one short paragraph. Also, in this paragraph you will have to justify your choice of research type.
My e-book, The Ultimate Guide to Writing a Dissertation in Business Studies: a step by step assistance contains discussions of research types and application of research methods in practice. The e-book also explains all stages of the research process starting from the selection of the research area to writing personal reflection. Important elements of dissertations such as research philosophy, research approach, research design, methods of data collection and data analysis, sampling and others are explained in this e-book in simple words.
 Kothari, C.R. (2008) “Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques” New Age International
 Bajpai, N. (2011) “Business Research Methods” Pearson Education India