Research background is a brief outline of the most important studies that have been conducted so far presented in a chronological order. Research background should also include a brief discussion of major theories and models related to the research problem. When writing research background, you also need to demonstrate how your research relates to what has been done so far in this research area.
Research background is written after the literature review. Therefore, literature review has to be the first and the longest stage in the research process, even before the formulation of research aims and objectives, right after the selection of the research area.
Once the research area is selected, the literature review is commenced in order to identify gaps in the research area, and the research aims and objectives need to be closely associated with the elimination of this gap in the literature.
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