Microsoft organizational structure can be classified as divisional. In June 2015, the senior management announced a change in Microsoft organizational structure to align to its strategic direction as a productivity and platform company. This restructuring initiative resulted in elimination of approximately 7,400 positions in fiscal year 2016. The current divisional Microsoft organizational structure is the result of this restructuring initiative.
As it is illustrated in figure below, Microsoft organizational structure is divided into divisions according to engineering groups and business functions. Specifically, on the basis of engineering groups, the company is divided into four divisions, whereas according to business functions it is divided into 9 divisions:
The latest restructuring of Microsoft organizational structure and shift to divisional organizational structure offers the following advantages to the business:
Firstly, under the new organizational structure, heads of engineering groups directly report to CEO Satya Nadella with positive implications on new product development initiatives and innovation potential. This is particularly important to be able to introduce new products and services to the marketplace in the short duration of time.
Secondly, organizational restructuring eliminates bureaucracy in business processes and procedures to a great extent, increasing the flexibility of the business to adapt to changes in the external marketplace.
Thirdly, the initiative resulted in the elimination of approximately 7,400 positions, thus saving considerable amount of financial resources that can be channelled for new product development and increasing the competiveness of the business in many other ways.
Microsoft Corporation Report contains a full analysis of Microsoft organizational structure. The report illustrates the application of the major analytical strategic frameworks in business studies such as SWOT, PESTEL, Porter’s Five Forces, Value Chain analysis and McKinsey 7S Model on Microsoft. Moreover, the report contains analyses of Microsoft leadership, business strategy and organizational culture. The report also comprises discussions of Microsoft marketing strategy and addresses issues of corporate social responsibility.
 Annual Report (2016) Microsoft Corporation