Inc. Company Report

  • Published: March 2022
  • 17639 Words
  • 68 Pages
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50% discount for your next purchase Inc. was founded in 1994 in Washington and as a website became first active in July 1995 to become the largest online retailer in the world to offer Earth’s Biggest Selection in less than two decades. The e-commerce and cloud computing company generated revenues of USD 386 billion and earned a net income of USD 21.3 billion in 2020 alone (Annual Report, 2020)

The e-commerce giant employs approximately 1,3 million full-time and part-time employees referred to as Amazonians (Annual Report, 2020). Amazon has declared its adherence to four principles: customer obsession rather than competitor focus, passion for invention, commitment to operational excellence and long-term thinking. These principles represent sources of Amazon’s competitive advantage.

Amazon business strategy is a hybrid of cost leadership and business diversification. The online retailer also benefits from encouraging communication between various elements within its ecosystem and promotion of its leadership principles consisting of 16 points discussed in this report. The founder and former CEO Jeff Bezos prefers to base business strategy on things that do not change. Specifically, consumers will always want low prices, variety and speedy delivery of their orders. Amazon focuses on these facts via effective integration of information technology into various business processes.

Combination of pragmatist, visionary and autocratic leadership styles are exercised at various levels at Amazon. The company has a hierarchical organizational structure. Nevertheless, it remains highly flexible to adapt to frequent changes in the external marketplace. Amazon organizational culture, on the other hand, is based on the principles of high level of cost-consciousness, constant reinvention and improvement of organizational culture and customer obsession.

Major weaknesses associated with Amazon include seasonality of the business, low profit margins and lack of focus on specific product or service categories. Moreover, a weak competitive position of Amazon’s Fire Phone and damage to the brand image due to tax avoidance scandal in the UK can be listed as weaknesses of Amazon. Furthermore, harsh working conditions for warehouse employees is a noteworthy weakness for the tech giant. Inc. Report contains the application of the major analytical strategic frameworks in business studies such as SWOT, PESTEL, Porter’s Five Forces, Value Chain analysis, Ansoff Matrix and McKinsey 7S Model on Amazon. Moreover, the report contains analyses of Amazon business strategy, leadership and organizational structure and ecosystem. The report also analysis marketing strategy, ecosystem and discusses the issues of corporate social responsibility.

1. Executive Summary
2. Business Strategy
3. Leadership
4. Organisational Structure
5. Organizational Culture
6. Amazon and Ansoff Matrix
7. SWOT Analysis
7.1 Strengths
7.2 Weaknesses
7.3 Opportunities
7.4 Threats
8. PESTEL Analysis
8.1 Political Factors
8.2 Economic Factors
8.3 Social Factors
8.4 Technological Factors
8.5 Environmental Factors
8.6 Legal Factors
9. Marketing Strategy
9.1 7Ps of Marketing
9.2 Segmentation, Targeting & Positioning
9.3 Marketing Communication Mix
9.3.1 Print and Media Advertising
9.3.2 Sales Promotions
9.3.3 Events & Experiences
9.3.4 Public Relations
9.3.5 Direct Marketing
9.3.6 Personal Selling
10. Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
10.1 Threat of new entrants
10.2 Bargaining power of buyers
10.3 Bargaining power of suppliers
10.4 Threat of substitute products or services
10.5 Rivalry among existing firms
11. Amazon Value-Chain Analysis
11.1 Primary Activities
11.1.1 Inbound logistics
11.1.2 Operations
11.1.3 Outbound logistics
11.1.4 Marketing and Sales
11.1.5 Service
11.2 Support Activities
11.2.1 Infrastructure.
11.2.2 Human Resource Management
11.2.3 Technology Development
11.2.4 Procurement
12. McKinsey 7S Model
12.1 Hard Elements
12.2 Soft Elements
13. Amazon Ecosystem
14. Corporate Social Responsibility
14.1 CSR Programs and Initiatives
14.2 Recommendations

List of Figures

Figure 1 Amazon Organizational Structure
Figure 2 Amazon Ansoff Matrix
Figure 3 Changes in annual lobbying budget in Amazon
Figure 4 Porter’s Five Forces
Figure 5 Retail e-commerce sales worldwide
Figure 6 Value chain analysis
Figure 7 McKinsey 7S model
Figure 8 Amazon Ecosystem
Figure 9 The ecosystem of Amazon Kindle
Figure 10 Changes in Amazon carbon emissions and carbon intensity

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  • Published: March 2022
  • 17639 Words
  • 68 Pages Inc. Report 2022